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Biographies: H.E. Kalu Rinpoche

His Eminence Kalu RinpocheHis Eminence Kalu Rinpoche was one of the great wisdom masters of our age. He was born in 1905 in the district of Tresho Gangchi Rawa in the Hor region of far eastern Tibet. His father was Legshey Drayang, the thirteenth tulku of Ratak Palzang. His mother, Drolkar, was a disciple of Jamgon Khyentse Wangpo, Jamgon Kontrul Lodro Thaye, and the renowned Lama Mipham Namgyal. Both his father and mother were devoted to religion, and shortly after their marriage they spent time in retreat together. It was during that retreat that Drolkar became pregnant. Kalu Rinpoche's father, not yet knowing that his wife was pregnant, had a startling vivid dream of his teacher Kontrul Rinpoche. In this dream or vision, Kontrul announced that he was coming to stay with them and that they should prepare a place for him. The meaning of this dream appeared to make itself clear some time later, when His Holiness the Gyalwa Karmapa recognized the child as the activity incarnation of the great Kontrul Rinpoche.

The young child showed remarkable compassion to all beings and his intellect proved to be exceptional. He began his monastic career by his own wish at the age of thirteen, entering the glorious Palpung Monastery of His Eminence Tai Situ Rinpoche. At that time Tai Situ Pema Wangcho Gyalpo gave him his getsul ordination, naming him Karma Rangjung Kunchyap. The prefix "Karma" identified him as a practitioner of the Karma Ka'gyu tradition.

At Palpung and elsewhere in eastern Tibet, Kalu Rinpoche studied the teachings of the sutras and tantras, receiving instruction from many different wise Lamas.

At sixteen, Kalu Rinpoche entered Kunzang Dechen Osal Ling, the retreat center originally founded by Jamgon Kontrul Lodro Thaye. It was at Kunzang Dechen that he completed the traditional three year retreat under the direction of venerable Lama Norbu Thondup. During that retreat Kalu Rinpoche received the complete transmission of the Karma Ka'gyu and Shangpa Ka'gyu lineages, in particular the transmission of the Five Golden Dharmas of the great Siddha Khungpo Naljor.

At the age of twenty-five his heartfelt desire was to practice meditation in a wilderness retreat in the mountains. Leaving everything behind, Rinpoche departed to do an extended solitary retreat in the desolate wilderness, forests and mountains of eastern Tibet, living the ascetic life of a wandering yogin. For twelve years he lived in that manner, imitating the eremetical life of Milarepa, Tibet's great yogi. Occupying lonely caves, he spent his time in spiritual practice and meditation.

In the 1940s Kalu Rinpoche began visiting monasteries, traditional centers of learning and practice, all over Tibet. He was now a recognized wisdom master, called from his retreat by Tai Situ Rinpoche and blessed by the supreme custodian of the Ka'gyu lineage, His Holiness the Karmapa. An accomplished master of the Five Golden Dharmas of the Shangpa school, he bestowed ripening empowerments and instruction on a vast number of yogis and yoginis. On a visit to Lhasa, around 1948, he was asked to grant teachings on the Regent of the young Dalai Lama.

In 1955, a few years prior to the Chinese Communist conquest of Tibet was about to take place, Rinpoche visited His Holiness the Karmapa at Tsurphu. The Karmapa asked Kalu Rinpoche to deliberately leave Tibet in order to prepare the ground in India and Bhutan for the inevitable exile of His Holiness. Thus in 1957, Kalu Rinpoche was appointed the abbot of Jangchub Choling Monastery in Bhutan. He became the personal chaplain of the royal family.

In 1965 Rinpoche established his own lineage monastery of Samdrup Targye Ling at Sonada, not far from Darjeeling, in India. A few years after that foundation he was able to establish a three year retreat complex there. In this manner he was able to preserve the Shangpa and Kamtsang lineage teachings through definite practice of meditation.

Kalu Rinpoche and Namgyal RinpocheIn 1973, at the request of His Holiness the 16th Karmapa, Kalu Rinpoche bestowed the full Ka'gyu transmission on the four regents Shamar Rinpoche, Tai Situ Rinpoche, Jamgon Kontrul Rinpoche, Gyaltsap Rinpoche, and also, at the same time, on the exceptional Canadian Lama Namgyal Rinpoche. These teachings included all the Ka'gyu major empowerments, instruction in Mahamudra and the six doctrines of Naropa, along with full inner explanation.

From 1971 onwards Kalu Rinpoche traveled extensively at the request of His Holiness the Karmapa, establishing Dharma Centers and three-year retreat facilities in Europe, the USA, Canada and Southwest Asia. Kalu Rinpoche founded more than 20 retreat centers worldwide and an innumerable number of Dharma centers.

In 1988 Rinpoche began the construction of a great stupa in Salugara, near Siliguri, in the eastern part of India.

In 10th May 1989 Kalu Rinpoche, loved by a vast flock of disciples, passed away. He was reborn on 17th September 1990, the offspring of Lama Gyaltsen and Kalzang Drolkar, to continue his undying work in the world.

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